Authored by Vishwanath R. Iyer
Yoga Practitioner, Manager (website and content) at Schoolofyoga.in
Volume II, Issue 2 | November 29, 2021
There is a propensity in social sciences to use words interchangeably and loosely with little consideration to their specific contexts and usages. It is noticeably context-free when Sanskrit words are used or translated into English in analyses of socio-political history and systems. The main purpose of this paper is to delineate certain Sanskrit terms within their contextual usage and fully define them for analysis. In order to do this, the paper focusses on two terms “rājya” and “rāṣṭra” and carefully defines their boundaries, their compositions and their points of interaction to understand the historicity and the dynamics of ancient Bhāratīya civilisation. One cannot do justice to the uniqueness of this civilisation if one does not come to terms with the vocabulary that is best suited to define the systems and concepts peculiar to it. This paper deviates from the pattern usually followed in social sciences research; instead of introducing the topics at the beginning of the paper, it introduces them sequentially. The main argument of the paper, which revolves around the integration of the terms “rājya” and “rāṣṭra,” uses certain concepts from the Yoga Darśana to articulate a new understanding of civilisation in general and the Bhāratīya civilisation in particular.
Keywords: rājya, rāṣṭra, yoga, civilisation, dharma, Communism, Capitalism
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